The London-based Financial Times has released a new edition of its Professional Wealth Management (PWM) publication which includes their rankings of Citizenship by Investment (CBI) programs. It includes an analysis of 13 countries offering investment-based dual citizenship programs, based on seven different criteria. PWM looks at the ease of processing, citizenship timeline, freedom of movement, the standard of living, investment minimums, due diligence, and residence or other travel requirements.

Of the CBI programs reviewed this year, PWM ranked Eastern Caribbean programs in the top five positions. Top place was given to Dominica for the second year in a row. It received a score of 90%. It was closely followed by St Kitts and Nevis at 85%, Grenada at 81%, Antigua and Barbuda at 80%, and St Lucia rounding up the top five with 79%.

This year the PWM CBI Index included programs in Antigua and Barbuda, Austria, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cyprus, Dominica, Grenada, Jordan, Malta, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, Turkey, and Vanuatu.